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What does Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) even mean?

HTML is the language used to develop web pages for the world wide web. But what does HTML or Hyper Text Markup Language even mean?

HTML is the language used to develop web pages for the world wide web. But what does HTML even mean? We know that HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language, but what does each of these terms even signify? This post will try to discuss upon each of these words and their significance in the world of the web.

What is Hyper Text?

Hyper text refers to the ability of web pages to link with each other, within the same website or between websites on the internet.

What is a Markup Language?

HTML is a markup language. But what does markup language even mean? It means that all the building blocks that make up a HTML web page are made up of HTML elements defined by HTML markups. In other words, HTML markups are special tags used to define all the HTML elements that make up a web page. These HTML markups includes tags like <head>, <title>, <body>, <footer> etc.

Why use semantic HTML markups for your web page?

With the recent HTML 5 specification, there has been an increase in the amount of these HTML markups (or tags) defined by the specification so that there are more semantically meaningful HTML markup tags available to define a web page. These new semantically appropriate HTML markup tags help improve the readability and understanding of the sections of these web pages by machines (aka algorithms) such as search engines.

By Amar Nath

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